Geographical and strategic position of Niš
Geography of Niš
Niš is a town in southern Serbia, situated on the river Nišava. With 393,357 inhabitants (census of 2011), the population density is 426 flat. / km² and is the second largest city in Serbia.
Niš occupies an area of approximately 597km² including low spa and 68 suburbs and rural settlements, the administrative center of Nis District.
Nis is located in Nis valley, on both sides of the river Nisava, near its confluence with the South Morava. Surrounded by hills Hum, Vinik and Kamenički vis the northeast, and on the southern side of the city are Gorica and drum.
The roads leading Moravian valley near Nis branch off southward to Thessaloniki and Athens, and east to Sofia and Istanbul.
The central city is located at 194 m above sea level (at the monument in the center). The highest point of the city area is Sokolov kamen (1,523 meters) in Suva planiti, the lowest point (173 meters) near the village of Trupale at the mouth of the river Nisava.
Throughout its long history of Niš was a part of many of the sheets and the state, playing the role of the administrative, military and trade center and important transport links to rimskkom road Via Militaris, later called the Imperial road, that connected Europe and Asia Minor. It is the birth place of Emperor Constantine the Great, and the Emperor Constantius II and Justin I.
Sam Niche position made it strategically important and therefore attractive city for many conquerors. Niš was under the rule of the Dardanians, Thracians, Illyrians, chelators, Greeks, Romans, Huns, Avars, Serbs and other Bulgarian, Hungarian, Byzantine, Ottoman Empire. In 1878 again enters into the composition of Serbia, being still under German occupation during the First and Second World War.
The influence of different nations that ruled Nis noted in the cultural heritage of the city, especially in its architectural diversity.
Niš is today an important economic, academic, cultural and political center of Serbia.
Constantine the Great Airport is an international airport with international label INI
University of Nis, founded in 1965, has 13 faculties and about 30,000 students.
Niš is also the seat of the Niš Eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
The city was divided in 2004 into five municipalities: Median Red Cross, Novi Pantelej Niska Banja.